501 - 599 CE
Expansion of Axum & the Goths
While the Gothic tribes begin to move deeper into Europe from the Caucus region, the Axum Empire continues to expand into Ethiopia, Sudan, northern Uganda, Eritrea, parts of Egypt, Yemen and Arabia.
By 524 CE, the Byzantine and the Axumites create an alliance. Meanwhile, the Beja and Nobatian armies fight for the Axumites in Yemen.
By 537 CE, Nubian King Silko (1st Christian King of Nubia) drives out the Beja and Nobotian armies.
600 - 699 CE
Rise of Islam
Islam invades of Egypt.
This invasion is led by Amr ibn al ‘As for Khalifa ‘Omar.
Southern Nubians are forced to pay tribute to Islam with by providing Islam slaves and livestock. Islamic Egyptians also force Southern Nubians to pay homage to Islam and to not attack Egypt.
646 CE Islamic Egyptians attack Nubia. By 652 CE, Nubia and Islamic Egypt create a treaty which states that Nubia will continue to ship Islam hundreds of slaves (est. 350) a year in exchange for wine and peace from Islam.
Many of the northern Berber tribes are forced into servitude to Islam, during this period. Many become enrolled into the Umayyad armies.
700 - 799 CE
Movement of the Moors
The Goths usurp the Iberian kingdom and kill King Wittiza. In response to the attack Umayyad armies move their armies into Europe. Once the Goths are defeated, the Berbers rebuild Iberia and are renamed Moor.
The Beja armies attack Upper Egypt
Kingdom of Ghana
The kingdom of Ghana is established in this era. The region was rich in gold, and its acquisition meant that Ghana would become a leading force in the trans-Saharan trade network. The golden stool of the Ashanti kings of Ghana, a symbol of their power, has not been seen by the general public for 300 years.
800 - 899 CE
Rebel Against Islamic Slave Trade
The Dongola King (who is also Beja), refuses to send Islamic Egypt any more slaves or pay additional taxes. Dongola armies attacks Egypt
900 - 999 CE
Power of Egypt Returns to Nubia
After hundreds of years of battling against Egypt, Nubia regains power from Tulunid.
Meanwhile, in West Afrika in the Kano State, a new ruler takes the throne. His name is King Bagauda.