In the beginning of this period the Portuguese desperately seek more bodies to sell as slaves, after they lost their settlements to other European Countries (Britain, France and Spain).
As a result, they travel deeper into the continent to abduct more natives.
Lourenço da Silva de Mendouça was born (c. 1620); while William Tucker was born in c. 1624. William Tucker is the first child born in British Colonies. His birth creates the debate of whether or not a child born from a slave should be a slave. His birth triggered the first series of Slave Codes.
Nyambo Kapararidze tries to reunite the Shona people and fights for liberation against the Portuguese. Nyambo is the last Emperor of the Mwene-Mutapa Dynasty.
Battles in the Kongo
1640 - Kongo (aka Congo) warrior Queen, leads an army of warrior women against the Portuguese.
1641 - Massachusetts becomes a colony, where enslavement is legal.
1650 - the Omani Arabs revolt against the Portuguese on the Sea.
1653 - the Tarikh Al-Sudan is written by Abd al-Rahman al-Sadi, who traces the history of Timbuktu's date of creation to the beginning of writing.
New Slave Codes created in Virginia. Meanwhile, Autshumato, leader of the khoikhoi, dies.
New laws are created in this period, such as the Act for Prevention of Negro Insurrections (which prevents blacks from carrying weapons... or potential weapons).
Meanwhile the new main slaver ports have shifted to Liverpool, Britain; Newport and Rhode Islands (US)
(c. 1684) Lourenço da Silva de Mendouça, a descendent of the Kongolese Empire and Angola, travels to Rome and begins a protest against slavery and condemns Pope Innocent XI. Lourenço sends petitions to the Pope, and provided some of the earliest recorded accounts of the cruelty of slavery.
Abolish Slave & Revolts
The Quakers protest against slavery, the Quakers use biblical references to try to change the morals of the white Americans. The Quakers also proceed to educate the southern state slaves by teaching them the how to read the bible.
1699 - Fort Jesus falls after a 33-month siege. Casualty report:
Portuguese - 1,000
Swahili Fighters - 5,000
Local Residents - undetermined
New Route & New Codes
The new century begins with a new route change in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. The major markets of this period are: Newport, RI; Charleston, SC; Richmond, VA; and Philadelphia, PA.
This fluctuation in the slave industry, also results in an increase in Slave Codes. The slave codes began as an experiment to control the black populace. After over 50 years of the codes being put into progress, the black populace rapidly decreased.
Meanwhile, Slaves in the Northern States (US), were granted permission to study and read. And were given so-called "fair" trials, though these trials were only effective against other members of the black popullace. Northern Slaves were allowed to testify... at their own risk.