This new century, opens up with the Asante Confederation being established in 1701.
The political capital for the confederation was at Kumasi, where the Asantehene (King) resides.
1712 - Armed Slaves (about 23) set a slave owner's house on fire in New York City.
In this period the Slave Owner and Slave populace is recorded as:
32,000 Blacks to 14,000 Whites
1739 - Stono Rebellion; hundreds of slaves revolt near Charleston, South Carolina. 60 Slave owners and 35 slaves die in this revolt.
1741 - Politicians learn about a rebellion plan, where the black slaves and poor whites would unite to overthrow the government and takeover New York.
Over 200 black individuals were arrested with a few white accomplices. 18 of the black suspects were found guilty and executed; while 4 white suspects were found guilty and were hanged. This revolt resulted in politics developing an advanced class system, in which poor whites were favored above the black populace for jobs, education, training, etc. This resulted in the revolt being cancelled.
The Stamp Act Riot
The Stamp Act Riots started in the August 1765. The riots occurred when the Americans were against paying taxes for printing and publications to the British. There were many within the black population who supported the ideology of an America independent from Britain. Many of these individuals rioted beside the rebel Americans in the fight for Independence.
America's Rebellion & the First Anti-Slave Laws
The first Anti-Slave laws on American soil were finally created and established in the states of Rhode Island & Connecticut (c. 1774)
Meanwhile, General George Washington leads the American rebel army against Britain. On July 6, 1774, General George Washington issues the order that states that:
"Any stroller, negro or vagabond, will not be recruited for service."
As the war progressed, Gen. George Washington's initial edict was changed. By 1775, Black Soldiers fought in the American Revolutionary War. The first man to fall during the American Revolutionary war was a Black man named Crispus Attucks.
July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence
The US Declaration of Independence is signed.
Note: The original draft of the Declaration of Independence clearly spoke against slavery, which stated:
“He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him”
The political delegates refused to sign this initial draft of the declaration. This initial draft of the independence would have made black men and women equal American citizens. The final draft however, took a different turn, in which non-white residents are defined as second class citizens.
Summary of the Closing Century
Following the signing of the Declaration of Independence:
1779 - A group of 20 Blacks in New Hampshire (including Prince Whipple who had crossed the Delaware River with George Washington in 1776); demand that the state of New Hampshire restore their freedom as they are natives of Africa who were born free.
1780 - Pennsylvania abolishes slavery
1788 - The Canadian Colony called Nova Scotia, abolishes slavery.
1789 - Olauda Equiano publishes a biography which highlights that slavery in America is vastly different and cruel to the slavery Africans are familiar with in their homeland. Further supporting that Africans never had "slaves" in the same definition of slavery as the colonists. That "slavery" in Africa was more Indenture Servitude.
Total US Investment in Slavery was calculated at being about: $104,639,000 (in this period, which is 100 times more today)
Fugitive Slave Act is passed (US) while Upper Canada abolishes slavery.
August 30, 1800 - Gabriel Prosser's slave revolt in Richmond, VA, fails. He and his followers are caught and convicted.