The Haitian Revolution was started in 1791. The revolution expanded beyond modern day Haiti, and had covered all of Hispaniola. Toussaint L'Overture directed the revolution up until 1803, when he was captured. Jean-Jacques Dessalines, one of L'Overture's generals, continued the revolution. By 1804, the Haitian Freedom Fighters managed to end the French control over the colony and end their enslavement. January 1, 1804 - Haiti was Declared Independent by Dessalines.
1743 - 1803
François-Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture
More commonly known as Toussaint is a hero in the Haitian Revolution. His military and political tactics led the Haitian nation to freedom. The Haitian Revolution became the inspiration for enslaved persons all around the world, and disabled Napoleon.
Toussaint was captured by the French Army in 1803, however the legacy was carried on through his followers and generals. In Apr 7, 1803 Toussaint died imprisoned in France.
Under the table Slavery
1807 - The US & Britain outlaw international Slave Trade. The Atlantic Slave Trade Ends.
January 1, 1808 - the US outlaws the importation of slaves, even though the practice will continue illegally and unenforced.
Gains & Losses
Madagascar is dominated by the Merina Dynasty
Meanwhile the Albanian, Khedive Mehemet, takes control and rules Egypt.
The Independence Wars (1810 to 1826) the Latin Revolutionary war against slavery. By the end of the war, slaves are freed throughout Latin America.
Several countries begin to abolish slavery throughout the world.
March 11, 1824 - John C. Calhoun created the Office of Indian Affairs, and attempts to establish Indian Reservations. In this process of creating Indian Reservations, individuals that appeared to be “too negro” were classified as black. Meanwhile, white individuals (who had no relation to Native American heritage) paid to get classified as Indian. This shady process created inconsistencies within the Native American gene pool. To this day DNA detection for identifying Native American descendants are based off of a system which primarily consists of a European gene pool.
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Nat Turner leads the largest slave insurrection ever in the US. His band murders 57 whites in Virginia. More than 100 blacks are killed.
1833 - As a result of Nat Turner's revolution, the US creates new Slave Codes to maintain order.
August 1, 1834 - The British Parliament officially passes (puts the act into actual affect) the Slavery Abolishment Act.
1839 - Pope Gregory XVI, reviews the pleas of the late Lourenço da Silva de Mendouça (which were made in 1689), and finally publicly condemns slavery.
Dred Scott sues for Freedom
1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel called Uncle Tom's Cabin, is published.
1853 - Argentina abolishes slavery with the creation of the Argentina Constitution.
Theodore Canot, a slave trader, records in his Adventures of an African Slaver that during one voyage he lost nearly 40% of his human cargo to disease: "The eight hundred beings we had shipped in high health [from Africa] had dwindled to four hundred and ninety-seven skeletons.
US state of Missouri (compromise) revokes initial decision and begins to question the concept of abolishing slavery.
US Republic Party is formed as an Anti-Slavery Party (platform)
1857 - Dred Scott sues his former slaver for his freedom. The US Supreme court ruled that blacks were not considered US citizens, therefore the case was dropped and never reached court.
1859 - John Brown's revolution to free slaves, starts on October 16. He and his group attempt to take over an Arsenal in Henry Ferry, VA. On December 2, John Brown and his followers were executed. Meanwhile, that same evening, Fredrick Douglous was attacked in the Fremont Temple of Boston.
July 9, 1860
The Last Record Slave Ship
July 9, 1860 (Some sources say 1859); the Schooner Clotilde (aka Clotilda) was the last slave ship to arrive in the US with 110-160 slaves. It ported in Mobile Bay.
The French Conquer Timbuktu
1860 - New York is an Anti-Lincoln state as the New York businessmen continue to trade with the southern states. Meanwhile, Lincoln plans to ship all blacks to Haiti or Liberia to resolve the issue of abolishing slavery.
1861 - Emancipation Reform in Russia is created to free Serfs (an Afro-Asia nation) from slavery.
Apr. 12, 1861 - American Civil War is declared.
1862 to 1898 - Nehanda Nyakasikana the MA Shona Nation (Zimbabwe) priestess. Nehanda became a military leader of her people when the British invaded Zimbabwe. From 1862 to 1898, Nehanda led a number of successful attacks on the English. In 1898, the British captured and executed her.
1862 - the Militia Act is created to allow blacks to enlist, after the union army forced black recruits to be a contraband of war (aka property of the Union Army) and forced slave labor.
1863 - The Black Populace is official recruited to the Union Army, into segregated troops. Black Soldiers were paid $7 a month (if that) for their service, while White Soldiers were paid $13 a month. The 54th Regiment refused to be paid, as it was an insult that they were discriminated against so blatantly.
Innovation of a New & Brutal Era
January 1864 - George Washington Carver was born (exact birthday was unknown; it is believed he was born into slavery). George W. Carver was adopted by the Ford family, the Ford family castrated him, forcing Carver to live out his life as a eunuch. Carver became a botanist, scientist and inventor. He was the original creator of the production line and factory set up for Ford Industries. He also educated people on the properties of Soy, and was against Soy consumption.
April 14, 1865 - Pres. Abraham Lincoln is assassinated.
May 9, 1865 - American Civil War ends. Total of 156,000 Black American soldiers fought for the Union Army (in 449 operations and 39 major battles). 22 Black American soldiers received the congressional medal of honor. 39,000 Black American seamen fought in the Union Army. 200,000+ Black Americans volunteer their service in non-military facilities.
December 6, 1865 - 13th Amendment Passes
June 1866 - the original creation of the 14th Amendment.
July 9, 1868 - the 14th Amendment is officially passed.
Berlin West Africa Conference & 15th Amendment
March 5, 1870 - The 15th Amendment is passed.
1873 - Puerto Rico abolishes slavery
1877 - US President Rutherford B. Hayes buys his way into becoming president. First action made was to remove the Reconstruction Act and end Marshall Law over the southern states. Rutherford Hayes issues executive orders in which the states have the right to control their own affairs.
Jan 22 1879 - King Cetshwayo (Zulu King) battles 1800 British Troops and wins at Isandhlwana.
1879 - thousands of former slaves migrate to Kansas to escape the cruelty of sharecroppers. The Populist Movement.
Nov. 15 1884 - 13 European States and the USA divide Africa amongst themselves at the Berlin West Africa Conference. In the agreement is a provision that requires Europeans to occupy the land they claim in Africa. Leading European states declare "protectorates" over all of Africa.
The French Conquer Timbuktu
1893 - the Third Anglo-Ashanti war is declared.
1894 - the French conquer Timbuktu.
Death of Mahdi ends revolt in the Sudan. The French capture Samori Toure to end resistance in the Upper Niger Valley. Members of the French expedition to Lake Chad commit atrocities as they pass through the Middle Niger Valley. France and Britain sign treaty that defines the border between Nigeria and Dahomey.
Spanish-American war, 30 black soldiers fought for America.
All-Black Calvary (the 9th & the 10th) paved the way for the Rough Riders. Teddy Roosevelt addresses the outstanding accomplishment of the 9th & 10th Calvary:
Teddy Roosevelt “Well, the 9th & the 10th men are alright! They can drink out of our canteens…”
The Spark Becomes a Flame
The American Race War. The 1800s created a lot of change for the black community. Blacks Migrated to better lands and established new territories. The white community, on the other hand, became more hostile. For about 150 years, people of color verses the white community had mass confrontation, mass protests, marches and the bloodiest massacres of the black community in the last 200 years. These confrontations were documented as race riots, when in actually these were battles of a race war.