SNAPSHOT HISTORY TIMELINE | 2500 to 1500 BCE
Rise in Civilization in Afrika
Rise of Central/Southern African Kerma civilization in Kush and Egypt. The Kerma culture is centered on cattle rearing and refined pottery.
Reunification of Egypt
Reunification of Egypt by Pharaoh Mentuhotep II; start of the Middle Kingdom (Dynasties XI-XII); major forts and temples in Kush at Faras, Aksha, Semna, and Buhen. The conflict between Egyptian and Kushite ruling houses.
Expansion of Kush
Further expansion of Kerma Culture in Kush; beaker pottery with red polish; huge tumulus burials for Kerma kings with sacrificial burials; massive brick 'defuffa' buildings.
1900 BCE A port is constructed. This port is named Rakouda and was located in the same place as the current Port Alexandria.
Kemet Conqueors Europe & Asia
Pharaoh Sesostris III (of royal Kushite descent) dominates Europe and Asia, and has extensive military, trading and fort network in Kush and Upper Egypt. Sesostris' African (Kushite) garrison stationed on the Black Sea coast at Colchis becomes the main center of trade and government in the Caucasus. The Garrison does not return home.
Hyksos invade Egypt
Second Intermediate Period in Egypt (Dynasties XIII-XVII; Hyksos invade Egypt; horses and bronze swords introduced; Return of Kushite autonomy; Hyksos and Kushites ally against Egypto-Kushite Pharoah Kamose's effort to reunify the Nile Valley. Lower Egyptian royalty flee to Kush. Hebrews are captive in Egypt. Introduction of the horse and war chariots to the Nile valley.
Egyptian inscriptions refer to a region in Africa named Punt whose exports include giraffe, apes, ostriches, lions, leopards, elephant tasks, gold and precious stones.
Hitties verses Egyptians
Hittites fight with Egyptians over the control of Canaan (later known as Syria).
The Yin or Shang Dynasty
The beginning of a great civilization is established in China. This empire was built and ruled along the Yellow River Valley. There were two Shang empires. The first Shang Dynasty was the Shang-Li (Black Shang) it was ruled by the Li-Qiang "Black Qiang" that was falsely portrayed in the Disney movie 'Mulan.' For the last 273 years of the Shang empire the capital was situated at Anyang.
1,570 - 1,501 BCE
Dynasties, Pharaoh & Power
Over the next 60+ years Egypt is lead by a few Pharaohs (Amenhotep I, Thutmosis I & Thutmosis II); as well as conducts attacks against Kush (or vice versa). In addition to war and the change of Pharaohs, chewing gum was also created in Afrika.