1000 - 1099 CE
Shortly after the fall of the Ghana Kingdom, the Mali Empire rose to power. This empire was founded by Sundiata Mansa Musa.
The Mali Empire was very powerful and very wealthy and very knowledgeable. Their nation created the first university called Timbuktu.
Meanwhile in Europe, Pope Urban II announces the 1st Crusades to reclaim Jerusalem. The term "infidels" was used to categorize any non-white peoples, that way the Catholic church could justify domination of Europe.
1100 - 1199 CE
Mid-Dark Ages and the Crusades
The Ayyubids (left) force the Nubians to leave Egypt. 30+ years later the Catholic Crusaders from Europe attack the Ayyubids and the Ayyubids seek an alliance with the Nubians.
The Ayyubids Dynasty is established in Egypt. The Nubians, meanwhile, ally with the Crusaders (nubian-crusaders) and attack the Ayyubids.
Churches are built by the Axum Empire during the Zagwe Dynasty. The Edo State Benin Empire (right) is established in 1180 CE.
1200 - 1299 CE
Crumbling of Nubia
The Nubia-Crusader leaders meet in Constantinople.
Nubia becomes completely devoted to Christainity.
Nubia is later attacked by the forces of "Mamluke Sultan Al-Zahir Baybars." Once Nubia is defeated they are once again forced to pay 'baqt' (a treaty to send a specific number of slaves to the Islamic government as tax). The Mamluke are the replaced Islamic nation demanding baqt from Nubia.
Small battles against Mamluke and Nubia. Eventually Mamluke invade Dongola.
1300 - 1399 CE
1st Abolishment of Slavery
In the medieval period of the kingdom of France (Royaume de France), the king (Louis X) created the first edict to abolish slavery.
Slaves in this period were more than likely the descendants of the imprisoned Berbers and the slaves sold in the Islamic Slave Trade.
The abolishment of slavery was not put into practice.
The Wolof Empire (also known as Jolof, Djolof or Diolof) was established in west Africa within the region of modern Senegal.
The people of Wolof were considered to be sophisticated and the official scribes of northwest Afrika. The people of Wolof were commonly recognized for historical documentation. The practice of documenting events was sacred and passed down within the family line.
1400 - 1499 CE
The Start of the European Slave Abductions
The kingdom of Songhay is established after the fall of the Mali Empire.
A couple of decades later, the Europeans begin snatching Afrikans along the western Afrikan coast.
Meanwhile, in Southern Afrika a new King is crowned in the Mwanamutapa Empire. He is called Nyasimba Mutota .